This week's posting is to show a type of moulding plane which I have developed from the inspiration of several antique planes and their methods of construction.
There has been a lot written on the web regarding the history of planes, and though I have a few ideas in my head on that topic, at present I have nothing to add to the matter. There is a great deal of good information and some surprising finds at St Thomas Guild.
My planes took their looks from a combination of Continental and English models, their method of construction from some medieval and later planes, and the idea of metal and wood from the 19th century "infill planes" such as this one.
|Unmarked mid 19th century English, Rosewood infill plane.|
The wedge was missing and I made a replacement from
mahogany about 16 years ago.; the plane works beautifully.
|The blank, ready to begin|
The remainder of the steps will be explained in the captions of each picture.
|The lower inside edge is chamfered to create the proper 'spring' |
to the plane when it is finished. This is the angle at which it
will be held whilst making the mouldings.
|The plate is cut to length. (not sure why this did not happen first)|
|Using a coarse rasp, the heel is chamfered and rounded.|
|These two pictures are backwards, but the same|
rasp was used to chamfer the top edge and
the toe; In all this took about 1 hour.
|Using my trusty early model Stanley #55 to begin shaping the|
wooden body for the plane. This will be the negative of the
shape which the plane will produce.
|Using a tenon saw, the slot for the wedge is cut.|
|The waste is removed with a chisel; a bevel square makes a|
great depth gauge to check the work.
|The inside face of the plane will have the Continental form;|
I like this design because the channel serves as a bit of a handle.
|The wood and metal parts will be joined with rivets. I got this idea|
from some metal parts riveted to an early 19th century plough
plane which I own. The first step is to mark out the holes with
|I tried to find some rivets, but have no idea where one would buy|
them, so, as usual, I got creative and decided to make some
myself; in the right hands a nail works great for the purpose.
|A few minutes with a good file and the nail-head becomes a|
|Back to my plate; I drilled and countersunk the previously marked holes.|
|The two 'halves' were clamped together on a backing block and|
the holes were drilled into the wooden body.
|The next step was to address the blade. It was not anything close|
to flat, so a lot of heavy sanding was in order. The blade is already
tempered and therefore could not be filed.
|To get the length right, I used an angle grinder and scored it|
to the approximate length needed.
|A shifting spanner and the vice made the second half go a lot|
faster than the first half of the cutting process.
|A little rotary grinder made good work of cutting the profile.|
|Re-sawing a piece to make the wedge.|
|A bit of linseed oil and, hey, we have a finished plane...and|
|The face of the plane and the profile it cuts.|
|Not a very good picture, but this was|
the source of my inspiration.